Nature Risk Rising is published by the World Economic Forum in collaboration with PwC. It is the first in a series of reports from the New Nature Economy project. About the New Nature Economy series The series of New Nature Economy (NNE) reports is being developed under the umbrella of the Nature Action Agenda, a platform for committed actors to join up ideas and efforts in the run-up to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity COP15 – in Kunming, China, in October 2020 – and in support of the related Business for Nature agenda. The NNE reports aim to contribute to the Agenda’s fact base, focusing on the business and economic case for action. The series will span three reports that focus on the following priorities: 1. 2. 3. Make the case for why the nature crisis is crucial to business and the economy, including: – The scale and urgency of the nature crisis– The potential consequences for society if the crisis goes unchecked– The interests of business to make the crisis a critical consideration Identify a set of priority socioeconomic systems for transformation: – Target areas in which individual and collective action from business and other actors (such as state-owned enterprises, investors and financial corporations) is urgent and indispensable – Ecosystems that are closer to irreversible tipping points, and hence have more global relevance if tipped, and in which the drivers of degradation are more deeply connected to economic and business activities. Actors in this space therefore have more value at stake and a greater ability to influence the transformation. Scope the market and investment opportunities for nature-based solutions to environmental challenges: – Research solutions across the biodiversity, climate mitigation, climate resilience and ocean agendas – Assess their economic and nature-building potential– Identify areas and approaches that are most interesting for private-sector f inance to engage in About the World Economic Forum The World Economic Forum, committed to improving the state of the world, is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost business, political and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.